When preparing its policy and proposals relating to food safety, consumer safety, public health and the environment, the Commission relies on independent Scientific Committees to provide it with sound scientific advice and draw its attention to new and emerging problems. The Scientific Committees can call on additional expertise from a pool of scientific advisors and a database of experts.
Although the Food Scientific Committees are no longer active, currently the Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety manages work of the two Scientific Committees responsible for non-food issues:
- Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS)
- Scientific Committee on Health, Environmental and Emerging Risks (SCHEER)
Since 2003, scientific advice regarding food and feed safety has been provided by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). EFSA is an independent European agency funded by the EU budget that operates separately from the European Commission, European Parliament and the EU countries.
Until May 2003, the advice regarding food and feed safety was provided by the Scientific Committee on Food and the Scientific Steering Committee.